With the increasing growth of technology, many impossible things have now become possible, such as eCommerce, contactless payments, and cryptocurrencies. One of these marvelous technologies is blockchain.
Therefore, there is a growing demand to learn the blockchain programming languages. In this article, we will talk about which programming language is best for blockchain along with the pros and cons of each one.
In this article, we will talk about which programming language is best for blockchain along with the pros and cons of each one.
Top popular programming languages for Blockchain
To work with blockchain technology, it is important to understand how to code, as these languages are helpful not only in developing applications for blockchain but also in contract-based or blockchain-based languages. In this part, let’s look at the top 5 popular programming languages that a blockchain developer needs to be proficient in.
- Enhances scalability
- Easy to integrate
- Weakly typed (we can use typescript to solve this problem)
C# was initially created by Microsoft in 2000. The most recent version was introduced to the public in 2019 alongside Visual Studio 2019 ver 16.3. C# is syntactically similar to C++ and Java and it is well-known as one of the best programming languages for blockchain. By using C#, open-source developers can create a highly portable code that will run on multiple operating systems such as Android, Mac, Windows, Linux, and across all devices with ease.
Furthermore, C# is an OOPs programming language so Blockchain developers can acquire maximum performance when building their next blockchain.
- Easy to learn
- Strongly typed
- Very popular
- Support for .NET
- Dynamic code support
- Windows-oriented way
- There is not so much support for Linux
In addition, there are plenty of materials for developers to learn C# on the internet.
Blockchains developed using C#: NEO, IOTA, Stratis.
Another popular blockchain programming language is C++. There are more blockchain projects built in C++ than any other language. Developers choose C++ for their blockchains because of its numerous capabilities like primitive control over memory, move semantics, advanced multi-threading, and other object-oriented features such as runtime polymorphism, overloading, and more. Besides, Blockchain developers can easily mold data and functions together in a single module by using different OOPS features of C++.
- Option to move semantics for copying data effectively
- Code isolation for different data structures, and more
- Efficient memory control and CPU management
- Compile-time polymorphism for enhanced performance
- Ease of running parallel/non-parallel threads
- Similar to C programming language
- Does not support garbage collection
- Code redundancy
- It is complicated and sometimes hard to debug
When talking about its ease of use, C++ can be compared to C. Also, C++ takes developers more effort to learn than that of Java and C programming languages.
There are plenty of resources for developers to learn C++ for blockchain, even if they are just beginners.
Blockchains developed in C++: Bitcoin, QTUM, Stellar, EOS, Monero, Litecoin, Ripple.
Java has always ranked among the top programming languages. In the blockchain world, Java is useful for developing highly interactive web pages. It can be used to build simple and immutable blockchains. The main appeal of Java for blockchain developers is its portability. Through Java Virtual Machine, Java has the ability to handle large numbers of users on a blockchain network at the same time and it isn’t limited by device architecture.
- Easy maintenance
- Robust support for OOPS
- Easy memory cleaning
- Independent of the OS and can run on literally any format of computers
- A collection of libraries
- Big community
- Lower performance compared to Golang or C++
- Needs a JVM (Java Virtual Machine) to be installed.
The difficulty level to learn Java is medium. Java was created based on C-derived syntax, which offers a huge set of low-level and high-level functionality to access to the most highly developed blockchain parts. It is a very strong and accessible programming language to a lot of developers, and almost any modern developer can begin creating blockchain apps with Java.
Blockchains developed in Java: NEO, NEM, IOTA, and Hyperledger Fabric.
- It’s specifically built for blockchain
- Statically typed programming
- Friendly to developers
- Precise accuracy
- Possibility of inheritance properties in smart contracts
- Arrays and Strings structure and usage are very complicated due to the unavailability of Standard Library
- Once a contract is made it cannot be upgraded.
Blockchains developed in Solidity: Tendermint, Counterparty, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic.
It is easy to predict that blockchain technology will continue revolutionizing the way assets and data are transferred in modern businesses. It will bring a huge impact on big corporations like big pharma corporations or the banking industry shortly. In the next few years, more and more companies will apply this exceptional technology for their businesses. So we find now is the best time for your business starting with blockchain.
Thanks for staying with us throughout this long article. We hope you acquired essential insights in towards your journey to this outstanding technology.