We cannot overemphasize the importance of software in our lives. Whether we shop online, chat with our long-distance relatives or do simple tasks such as make phone calls or play games, software plays an integral role in making all of these possible. In the development of software, there are different systems employed in the process of development of software, known as Software Development Models.
Examples of such models are the Spiral model, V-model and the Agile model among others. These models follow a definite step in ensuring the completion of software development. If you interested to learn more about the various development models, please read our related article here.
In the software development service, different software development models are employed depending on the development team and the project to be completed. The process involved in these models clearly defines the steps of the software development life cycle. Every step in the development life cycle gives rise to the end-product needed by the next stage in the cycle. Layout design for the product is made from the gathered requirements. The design determines the codes to be written. This step is the development phase. The testing confirms the resulting product from the development stage, and checks to see if it meets the requirements. In the software development service, six basic steps define the process of software development. They are:
- General Analysis and Requirements Gathering
- Product Design
- Deployment of product
- Product Maintenance and Operations
1. GENERAL ANALYSIS AND REQUIREMENTS GATHERING:
In software development, requirements for the products to be designed are sourced in this step. For most projects, this step happens to be the primary focus. Project managers, interested stakeholders gather around to meet and put together the requirements. Questions such as “Who gets to use the product? Utilization of the product, what kind of data goes into the product? And what kind of data is returned by the product as output?” are all answered in this step.
After the requirements have been gathered, and questions like above have been answered, analysis of the conditions comes next. The plausibility of putting the elements assembled into the final product is analyzed and carefully studied in detail. A requirement specification document is created. After completion of the requirements analysis, the development team can then proceed to the next level of making out a product design to be followed throughout the development process.
2. PRODUCT DESIGN:
During this step, the creation of the product design from the requirements documentation ensues. Product design assists in the specification of the necessary hardware required to run the product, in other words, the deployment. It also helps in clearly marking out the general product architecture, depicting the software modules required to be developed and their relationships.
It is also time to make a choice of development platform, e.g. .NET, Java, Laravel, Ruby on Rails or FileMaker. This choice depends on the requirements themselves but also on which platform is commonly used within the company.
Furthermore, the User Interface and User Experience are designed in this step. Taking into account the target users of the software application and the main features, a user-friendly and modern looking User Interface is designed. If you like to read more about “Foundation UX: Prototyping”, please read our UX article here.
The product design layouts further serve as a base for the next step in the development cycle. In the next step, which involves coding, the development team would have to come up with a plan for implementing the programming language.
After the phase of product design, the development team moves on to the stage of coding and implementation. Once the development team has the requirement specification and the design documents in hand, the software developers can start programming. Besides coding, the developers also perform unit or module testing in this phase, as to detect potential problems as early as possible in the development phase.
Some companies prefer to outsource the coding activities, and many times also the previous step of Product Design, to a third-party software development company. Reasons for this outsourcing vary from simply not having the required resources or skills available or wanting to focus with their own team on the company’s core products and services. An interesting article about things to consider when outsourcing can be found here.
After the coding phase, the team can then move on to the next step of development, which is testing.
After the step of coding and implementation, the team can then proceed to integration and validation testing. Software development service teams are in the constant process of releasing different software applications for various purposes, as such this process is necessary as it i
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When offshoring your software development activities, keep the cultural differences in mind. This below animation informs you about the possible cultural differences and how to deal with them.